Useful Tips

How to track medication

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The course of treatment prescribed by the doctor by taking tablets or capsules 3 times a day does not mean at all that they should be taken in the morning, at lunch and in the evening, during the 16-hour period of wakefulness.

The organs and systems of the body work around the clock, and therefore need medical support for all 24 hours. This is especially important for antimicrobials.

A 3-time medication in most cases means that the medication should be ingested every 8 hours, so the approximate medication schedule may look like this: 07.00 - the first dose, 15.00 - the second dose, 23.00 - the third dose.

In the case of taking the medicine 2 times, the organization of its administration looks even simpler: 07.00 - the first dose of the drug, 19.00 - the second dose.

If you missed the drug

In the case of a delay in taking the medicine for 1-2 hours, you can take the “after” pills, but if you are out of the schedule for more than 2 hours, you should skip taking the drug to avoid overdose.

After waiting for the next time you take the medicine, resume taking it and in the future, strictly adhere to the developed schedule.

Do not take a double dose of the drug, trying to catch up - except for side effects, such a technique will not lead to anything good.

In order not to forget about the next medication intake, put them in a prominent place, draw up a medication schedule on the sheet and attach it to the refrigerator with a magnet, make notes on the calendar.

Forgetful you can use a variety of gadgets: alarms, mobile phones, organizers, tablets, laptops and personal computers.

Before meals, during or after?

Most medicines are taken before meals. In this case, the medicine enters an empty stomach, where nothing interferes with its absorption: neither gastric juice, nor saliva, nor food eaten.

Since the acidity of gastric juice is very high during meals, it can significantly change the properties of the drug and the nature of its absorption by the body, and the medicine itself can change the course of the digestive process.

Therefore, along with food, digestive enzymes, preparations of gastric juice, laxatives and diuretics are usually consumed.

The appointment "after eating" means that the medicine should be taken no earlier than 1-2 hours after eating. This mode of administration avoids irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines with the active substance of the drug.

After-meal medications include bile components, diuretics, sulfonamides, cardiac glycosides, and anti-inflammatory painkillers.

If, despite all efforts, you could not find the time for taking the medicine in the package insert, take the medicine 30 minutes before meals.

What to look for

Most drugs require their separate administration. Many of them are absolutely incompatible with each other, and the interaction with each other even more of them has not been studied, so the use of tablets "in one go" can lead to unpredictable results.

And it’s even good if the drugs taken simply neutralize the effect of each other, and it happens and vice versa ...

Drink tablets and capsules, unless otherwise specified in the instructions for the medicine, and not sweet soda, cola, juice, tea or coffee. The exception is only some groups of drugs, which should be washed with alkaline, milk or acidic drinks.

Remember: taking any drug, even carefully metered, is a necessary measure for introducing chemicals foreign to it into the body.

The only purpose of this chemicalization of the body is to cure the disease. In the absence of a therapeutic effect, consult your doctor immediately!

Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!

Of course, technology makes life easier, but it is entirely possible to do without them. This article presents a dozen convenient Excel forms that you can keep in electronic form or print with books and notepads. Of course, the template can be modified by you to your needs.

Striving for ideal weight

Do you know the desire to lose weight or (yes, yes, there are those who dream of a dozen "extra")? Then, most likely, you keep in your head some ideal landmark. But it will be ideal only conditionally, since not all of us know the optimal ratio of height and weight of the human body. To find out the very goal, print and hold in front of your eyes the correct weight, calculated on the basis of several different methods.

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Or at least leave a satisfied comment so that we know what topics are most interesting to readers. In addition, it inspires us. Comment form below.

Taking medication

I dare to suggest that your medical kit does not at all resemble a box of modest size. Most likely, in your home there are several dozen items of tablets, capsules, injections, sprays and simply undefined jars. It is unlikely that they are all in one place, therefore, it will not work to recall the presence of most of them. Even if you want to recall the information about when, why, and how many pills were drunk, you will not be able to do this within a week after recovery.

But this information can be useful if you get sick the next time and want to repeat the appropriate course of treatment, or your local policeman asks about your methods of unsuccessful self-medication. In such a situation, your own home medical will come to the rescue.

Blood Sugar Tracking

Let's hope that you and your loved ones will not be able to monitor changes in blood sugar throughout the day. If fate gives such a fortel, we suggest you contact the one in which you can enter the current value, as well as mark physical activity and diet, which influenced the result. Attached to the note book is a graph that clearly demonstrates level fluctuations based on your records.

1PM calculation

Not being a person involved in bodybuilding and weightlifting, it is difficult enough to penetrate the essence and purpose of such an indicator as one rep with maximum weight . The calculation of 1PM will be useful to determine the appropriate load when performing repetitive exercises. All beginner power athletes will come in handy to maintain a plan of individual approaches and training in general, as well as calculate their 1PM using the appropriate one.

Reviewed and approved by

Section I. Pharmacology

Full-time education

Bratsk 2015

SectionsExample
4. Indications
10. Prescription

Section I. "Pharmacology"

Afferent Nervous System

Local anestheticsProcaine (Novocainum) (Novocainum)Suppositories 100 mg in quantity of 10. 1 candle at night. 0.5% solution in 400 ml vials for infiltration anesthesia
Xylocaine (Lidocainum) (Lidocainum)A solution in ampoules of 1% in 2 ml of a quantity of 10. For carrying out infiltration anesthesia. Aerosol 10% 38 gr. For topical use
Ultracainum (Ultracainum)10 ampoules of 2 ml. For conduction anesthesia
AstringentsBismuth tripotassium dicitrate (De-noium)120 mg tab. amount of 100. For 1 table. 4 times a day.
TanninumAlcohol solution of 4% 25 ml in vials. For burn treatment
Tanalbinum (Tanalbinum)Tablets "Tansal" (contain 0.3 tanalbine and phenyl salicylate) orally, 1 tablet 3-4 times a day
Oak Bark (Cortex Quercus)Decoction of oak bark 1:10, 200 ml. Rinse inside
St. John's Wort Grass (Herba Hyperici)St. John's wort tincture 100 ml. To lubricate the gums
Salvin ("Salvinum")1% solution in 10 ml vials. For irrigation, applications, diluting 4-10 times with water
Adsorbing + EnvelopingPolyphepanum (Polyphepanum)Unpowered powder 250 g. packaged. 1 tablespoon 3 times a day 1 hour before meals
Smecta (Smekta)Complex powder 3 g. amount of 30. 1 powder 3 times a day, previously dissolved in 150 ml of boiled water
AlmagelSuspension in bottles of 170 ml orally for 1-2 teaspoon (dosing spoon) 4 times a day for 30-90 minutes. before meals and at bedtime
Annoying, local anesthetizingMenovazinum (Menovazinum) (menthol, novocaine are a part)A complex solution of 40 ml, 2 bottles with the goal of rubbing the thoracic spine 2 times a day
AnnoyingViprosal (Viprosalum)Complex ointment, 25 gr. for rubbing the lumbar spine
ValidolumTab. amount of 10, 60 mg. 1 tab. under the tongue for pain behind the sternum.
Peppermint leaves (Folia menthae piperitae)Nastya mint leaves 0.25: 10 200 ml. inside for 1 tbsp. spoon every 3 hours
Menthol (Mentholum)As part of the ointment "Efkamon" ("Efcamonum"). For rubbing, rubbing painful areas 2 times a day
Chilli Peppers (Fructus Capsici)Ointment from frostbite containing tincture of capsicum (Ungventum congilationem)

Cholinergic synapses

M-cholinomimeticsPilocarpine Hydrochloride (Pilocarpini gydrochloridum)Eye drops 2% - 2 ml. 2 bottles. 1 drop in both eyes
M-anticholinergicsAtropine sulfate (Atropini sulfas)Tablets of 0.0005 amp. syringe tube 0.1% for 1 ml, 1% eye ointment, eye film for 0.0016%
M-anticholinergic drugs selective actionIpratropium bromide (Atrovent) (Ipratropium bromidum)Aerosol 300 doses, 1 dose corresponds to 20 mcg, 1 inhalation for suffocation
N-cholinomimeticsNicotinell (Nikotinell TTC)A patch of 20 m in size. A patch on exposed areas of the body 1 time per day
N-anticholinergics: ganglion blockersPentamine (Azamethonium bromide) (Azamethonium bromide)5% solution in ampoules of 1 ml, quantity 10, for intravenous jet administration with preliminary dilution with physical. solution
N-anticholinergics: peripheral muscle relaxantsTolperisone (Midocalm) (Tolperisone)50 tablets of 50 mg, 1 tablet 2 times a day
M-N-cholinomimetics (anticholinesterase agents)Pyridostigmine bromide (Kalimin) (Piridostigminum bromide)Dragee 60 mg, quantity 100. Dragee 2 times a day

Water-soluble vitaminsThiamine bromide Thiamini bromidum (Vit. B 1)Ampoules of 3% solution in a volume of 1 ml, amount of 10. 1 ml / muscle
Riboflavin Riboflavinum (Vit. B 2)A solution of 0.01% - 10 ml, eye drops. 1 drop 2 times a day in each eye
Nicotinic acid Acidum nicotinicum (Vit. B 3, Vit. PP)50 mg tablets, amount 50. 1 tablet 3 times a day after meals
Pyridoxine Piridoxinum (Vit. B 6)Ampoules of 1% solution of 1 ml, amount of 10. 1 ml / muscle
Cyanocabalamin Cyanocabalaminum (Vit. B 12)Ampoules of a 0.05% solution of 1 ml, amount of 10. 1 ml / muscle
Calcium Pangamate Calcii pangamas (Vit. B 15)
Methylmethionine sulfonium chloride Methylimethioninsulfinii chloridum (Vit. U)Tablets 50 mg, quantity 100. 1 tablet 3 times a day
Rutinum Rutinum (Vit. P)Tablets 20 mg, quantity 50. 1 tablet 3 times a day
Acidum folicum folic acid (Vit. B c)Tablets of 1 mg, quantity 60. 1 tablet 2 times a day
Ascorbic acid Acidum ascorbinicum (Vit. C)Dragees of 100 mg, amount of 50. 1 dragee 2 times a day
Calcium pantothenate Calcium pantothenicum (Vit. B 5)Ampoules of 10% solution of 2 ml, amount of 10. 2 ml / muscle
Fat Soluble Vitamin PreparationsTocopherol acetate Tocopheroli acetas10 ampoules of a 30% oil solution of 1 ml. 1 ml / muscle
Retinol Acetate Retinoli acetasCapsules 5000 IU, quantity 50. 1 capsule 2 times a day
Ergocalciferol ErgocalciferolumDragee 500 IU, quantity 550. 1 dragee 2 times a day
Vicasol Vicasolum (Vit. K)1% solution of 1 ml, the amount of 10 ampoules. 1 ml / muscle

Natural penicillinsBenzylpenicillin-sodium salt of Benzylpenicillinum natrium30 vials of powder of 1 million UD / muscle 6 times a day with preliminary dilution in 5 ml. physical solution
Amoxicillin Amoxicillin20 tablets of 500 mg, take 1 tablet 3 times for 6 days, regardless of food intake
Semisynthetic PenicillinsAmoxicillin - clavulanic acid ("Augmentin") "Augmentin"20 official tablets of 500 mg / 125 mg, 1 tablet 3 times a day for 6 days after meals
CephalosporinsCeftriaxone (Longacef) CeftriaxonVials of 1 gram in quantity of 10. For intravenous drip (with preliminary dilution in 100 ml of saline solution)
CarbapenemsImipenem (Tienam) Tienam500 mg vials of No. 10 for intravenous administration 2 times a day (lidocaine solution was added to the supplied 3 ml solvent, a suspension forms upon dilution)
MacrolidesAzithromycin (Sumamed) AzithromycinumCapsules 250 mg after meals 1 time per day in quantity of 6
MacrolidesNatamycin (Pimafucin) NatamycinSuppositories of 6, 1 suppository at night in the vagina
TetracyclinesDoxycycline (Unidox Solutab) DoxycyclineCapsules of 100 mg, 10, 2 times a day, 1.5 hours after a meal, drink with 1 glass of water
AminoglycosidesGentamicin GentamicinAmpoules in an amount of 20, 4% solution p 1 ml, 3 ml 1 time per day in / muscle
ChloramphenicolChloramphenicol ChloramphenicolEye drops of 0.25% solution of 5 ml, take 1 drop 4 times a day in both eyes for 5 days
FluoroquinolonesCiprofloxacin (Cifran) Ciprofloxacinum10 tablets of 500 mg, take 1 tablet 2 times a day after meals
Anti-TB antibioticsRifampicin Rifampicinum50 capsules of 150 mg, 2 capsules 3 times a day before meals for 10 days
LincosamidesLincomycin LincomycinumOintment 2%, 10 grams, apply to the affected surface 3 times a day
Antibiotic solventSalutio Solutio Natrii chloridi0.9% sodium chloride solution 5 ml, 20 ampoules for diluting antibiotics

Androgens (drugs of male sex hormones)Testosterone TestosteronumGel 1% 50 mg, 30 sachets for external use
Anabolic SteroidsRetabolil Retabolil5% solution in ampoules of 1 ml (50 mg). 1 ampoule / muscle 1 time per day
Estrogens (female sex hormone preparations)Ethinyl estradiol AethinyloestradiolumTablets of 10 mcg, amount of 50. 1 tablet 3 times from 5 to 25 days of the cycle
Progestogens (preparations of female sex hormones)Dydrogesterone DuphastinTablets 10 mg, quantity 20. 1 tablet 2 times from 5 to 25 days of the cycle
Corpus luteum hormone (progestogen)Progesterone ProgesteronumOil solution 10 mg / ml (ampoules of 1 ml). 10 ampoules of 1 ml. in / muscular
Drugs for diabetes a) short-acting insulinsActrapid Actrapid HMBottle of 10 ml, 100 PIECES / ml. 10 units subcutaneously 15 minutes before meals
b) long-acting insulinsInsulin Glargine LantusSubcutaneously 12 IU once a day. 5 ml cartridges 100 IU / ml, quantity 5
Oral hypoglycemic agents a) biguanidesMetforminum (Siofor) MetforminumTablets of 100 mg, quantity 50. 1 tablet 2 times a day
b) sulfonylurea preparations (PSM)Glibenclamide (Maninyl) GlibenclamidumTablets of 1.75 mg, amount of 50. 1 tablet 2 times a day
Hormone preparations of the posterior pituitary glandOxytocin OxytocinumAmpoules of 5 IU, quantity 10. At 0.4 ml / muscle
Thyroid hormone preparationsL-thyroxin L-tiroxinum50 mg tablets, amount 50. 1 tablet per day
Antithyroid drugsMercazolil Mercazolilum5 mg tablets, quantity 50. 1 tablet 2 times a day
GlucocorticoidsBetamethasone (Celeston) BetamethasoneCream for external use 0.1% - 30 gr.

MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF THE IRKUTSK REGION

Regional state educational budgetary institution of secondary vocational education

"State Medical College of Bratsk"

(OGOBUSPO "State Medical College of Bratsk")

Reviewed and approved by

for independent work

PM.01. Sale of medicines and pharmaceutical assortment goods

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