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How to prevent chlamydia

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The main reason for the development of chlamydia is unprotected intercourse and it does not matter which one: anal, oral or vaginal. Since such an infection is quite serious (it affects the genitourinary, respiratory, visual, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal systems), the following methods are used to prevent chlamydia:

  • annual examination by a doctor with tests,
  • condom use as an effective contraceptive,
  • treatment of chlamydia according to all the recommendations of a doctor,
  • having constant control and avoiding casual relationships.

Also, in view of the “fast growing” of adolescents, it is imperative to conduct discussions with them about STIs.

Use of remedies during sexual intercourse

As a prevention of chlamydia, you can use a condom during intercourse. As you know, such a remedy will not protect against skin diseases, but it will save from chlamydia precisely due to a thin barrier. But what’s important at this point is that the STI can remain on the condom (if the woman is infected) and inside the condom (if the man is infected).

Therefore, after removing it, you must necessarily wash your hands, as well as the genital area with soap, and then treat with an antiseptic. This is usually sufficient as protection and the use of emergency measures in this case is not necessary.

Having a regular partner

Nowadays, marital fidelity is on the verge of extinction. The expression is rather ambiguous and ironic, but, nevertheless, carries with it a grain of truth. After all, if everyone complied with the “code of honor”, ​​then the incidence statistics would not be so high. The presence of a permanent partner on both sides prevents the risk of developing a sexually transmitted disease, including 100%, and chlamydia.

With an accidental connection, such risks are very high, because you cannot know with clear certainty that this type of disease does not exist in a sexual partner. You can get infected even from anyone, even from a prosperous and reliable-looking person, so before agreeing to a dubious relationship, weigh the pros and cons and make the right choice to maintain health.

Infection screening

To begin timely treatment for infection, you need a mandatory examination by a doctor. For this, you should not wait for specific symptoms, but visit a specialist 2 times a year for preventive purposes. There you will be offered to take tests, on the basis of which it will already be possible to conclude whether an STI is present or not, and what treatment is needed in this case.

Also to the prevention of chlamydia are such actions:

  • strengthening immunity
  • personal hygiene
  • regular visits to the doctor for examination and testing,
  • maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Many women use sexual methods after intercourse, one of which is douching. However, this method is only relatively good, because during such an action the protective microflora of the vagina is washed out.

Pregnancy Prevention

In order to maintain the health of the future baby, the examination must be passed in the following cases:

  • after interruption or ectopic pregnancy,
  • during conception and after childbirth,
  • when planning a baby.

If an infection of chlamydia was detected during laboratory tests, then first of all, before conceiving a child, it is necessary to be treated. Moreover, treatment is prescribed not to one, but to two sexual partners at the same time. Only after a successful recovery can you consult with your doctor about the possible timing of conception. If the symptoms of the disease were detected during pregnancy, the woman is prescribed the main and additional treatment according to the timing of gestation. According to statistics, every tenth pregnant woman reveals such an infectious pathology. This indicates abnormal marital behavior of one of the parties, although the fact of pregnancy should be taken quite seriously.

What are the symptoms of chlamydia?

Chlamydia is often asymptomatic, especially in the early stages of the disease, which is why many people do not even suspect that they have this infection. Some symptoms occur 1-3 weeks after infection and include:

  • Painful urination (often accompanied by burning)
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Menstrual irregularities in women
  • Inability to get pregnant
  • Penis secretion in men
  • Pain in the testicles in men.

Emergency Prevention after Unprotected Intercourse

In a person’s life, various conditions happen and no one is safe from unprotected random sexual intercourse. If this happens, then in this situation, you should immediately proceed to emergency measures. It is important to understand here that even if you are confident in the “cleanliness” of your partner, the preventive measures taken can save you from infection.

At home, the following algorithm of actions is proposed:

  1. Urine immediately after unprotected intercourse. A stream of urine will help flush pathogens from the urethra.
  2. Wash hands, genitals, pubis and hips immediately with warm water and a soap solution.
  3. Treat the genitals and the skin around them with an antiseptic solution. For this, you can use chlorhexidine or miramistin.
  4. Take a thin nozzle and inject an antiseptic into the urethra (no more than 2 ml), into the vagina (no more than 10 ml). After the introduction, squeeze a little vagina or urethra, wait a couple of minutes, and then rinse thoroughly. After this, you can not urinate for 2-3 hours. Actions must be carried out carefully, without pressure, so as not to provoke the advance of the infection higher along the genitourinary tract.

It is best to contact a preventative care center. You can do this alone or in conjunction with a sexual partner. They work around the clock, and you can find out the location by calling the police department. Help is anonymous, and the rooms themselves are equipped with a couch and gynecological chair for examination. In the toilet, the visitor empties the bladder, then washes his hands with soap and rinses the inguinal region. Then these areas are also treated with a sterile solution, and men are washed with an Esmarch mug, and women are douched.

It should also be understood that such measures are effective if:

  1. If less than 2 hours have passed from sexual contact.
  2. From 2 to 4 hours, such actions still make sense, but are less pronounced.
  3. After 4 hours, emergency prevention is completely pointless.
  4. In the next three days, either infection occurs or not. Initial symptoms will be absent. If there is suspicion or accurate data regarding infections, drug prophylaxis is carried out.
  5. After 3 days, the use of drug prevention is inappropriate. It is not only completely useless, but even harmful. Such actions will smear the clinical picture of the disease and cause the resistance of chlamydia to the antibiotic, which as a result will translate the infection into a latent course. In this case, you need to wait, and then pass the tests.

Health is always in our hands. Take care of yourself and your soulmate. This is especially true for married people, where a casual connection on the side can not only lead to the breakup of the family, but also to the possibility of infection of your spouse, as well as future children.

How is chlamydia transmitted?

Chlamydia is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. The risk of infection increases with contact with a new partner, with frequent changes of partners (as well as in contact with a person who had many partners before you), as well as neglecting the use of a condom in each case.

In addition, an infected woman can infect the chlamydia fetus during childbirth.

How is chlamydia diagnosed?

A doctor can take a swab from the vaginal mucosa (in women) or from the head of the penis (in men), after which it is examined in the laboratory for the presence of chlamydia. Also, for these purposes, the doctor may prescribe a urine test.

Pregnant women are often tested for chlamydia, even if they have no signs of illness. The fact is that chlamydia is extremely dangerous for newborns, since it can lead to the development of pneumonia or an eye infection (which in turn can lead to blindness).

Is it possible to prevent the development of chlamydia?

Do not have sex with unfamiliar people and generally limit the number of sexual partners, always using a condom. If you plan to use spermicides, keep in mind that those that contain nonoxynol-9 can cause genital irritation and thus only increase the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections. At the same time, using a condom with nonoxynol-9 is still better than having sex without a condom at all.

All women under 25 years of age who currently have sex or have had any sexual intercourse in the past (including oral, vaginal and anal sex) should undergo regular medical examinations and be checked for possible chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections . Women should also refuse douching, as this process reduces the number of beneficial bacteria in the vagina and only increases the risk of infection.

How is chlamydia treated?

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics, usually available in tablet form. When diagnosing chlamydia, it is very important to notify all past partners of the fact of infection, so that they also undergo an examination.

Be sure to inform your doctor about an allergy to antibiotics (if any) or the slightest suspicion of pregnancy. Drink the entire prescribed course of drugs to the end and abstain from sexual activity until you and your partner complete the course of treatment. If you experience fever or abdominal pain while taking antibiotics, notify your doctor immediately.

What happens without treatment for chlamydia?

Without proper treatment, chlamydia can spread to other parts of the body, causing additional damage to the body. When chlamydia affects the eyes, this can lead to infection and even blindness. In women, chlamydia can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, leaving scars on them and causing infertility or ectopic (ectopic) pregnancy. If the mother infects the fetus, the latter may develop pneumonia or an eye infection, which could lead to blindness. In men, chlamydia can affect the testes and prostate, causing swelling, painful urination, fever, and lower back pain.

What is chlamydial infection?

Chlamydia (chlamydiaz) refers to sexually transmitted diseases that can be successfully treated.

Bacteria related to intracellular parasites provoke its occurrence.

The disease is transmitted not only sexually, but also contact-household.

Chlamydia is very tenacious, at a 20-degree temperature, they can remain infectious for up to 2 days. The latent period is up to 4 weeks.

Chlamydia

A serious problem is the absence (up to a point) of any signs of the presence of chlamydia in the body. But this does not mean that there is no cause for concern.

Later in the article you will understand why.

We will consider in detail the causes of chlamydia, the first signs of a disease, symptoms and treatment at home.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

As already mentioned, many people do not notice the first symptoms of chlamydia. Most people have no symptoms at all. If signs appear, usually 1-3 weeks after infection (see photo above).

Symptoms of chlamydia in women:

  • rectal pain
  • pain during urination, intercourse,
  • burning in the urethra,
  • painful lower back, lower abdomen,
  • bleeding between periods or after sex,
  • fever, nausea,
  • persistent sore throat,
  • inflammation, eye infections.

In men, the symptoms complement:

  • testicular edema,
  • milky white discharge from the penis (see image above),
  • redness or swelling of the urethra.

Causes and Risk Factors

Any person leading an active sex life is at risk of becoming infected with chlamydia (moreover, women are more susceptible to infection).

The most common risk factors are:

  • unprotected sex
  • improper condom use,
  • several sexual partners
  • the presence of a partner in the high-risk group (people who have sex without a condom, who have sex with carriers of infection).

Old age is not insurance against chlamydia infection. Therefore, the practice of protected sex is relevant not only for young people, but also for older people.

Chlamydia Treatment

The traditional treatment of chlamydia includes treatment with tablets, or rather, an antibiotic (oral) is needed for 5-10 days. Until the course is completed, you will have to refrain from sexual intercourse.

Many of the drugs used have serious side effects:

  • Doxycycline - provokes nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, rash, urticaria, bloody diarrhea, dehydration, headache, weight loss, hypertension, blurred vision, anemia, stomach cramps and irritation of the esophagus, increases sensitivity to the sun,
  • Erythromycin - causes dizziness, palpitations, fainting, hearing problems, jaundice, facial swelling, severe allergic reactions,
  • Azithromycin - provokes weakness, fatigue, arrhythmia, liver problems, swelling of the throat, lips or tongue, yellowing of the eyes and skin,
  • Levofloxacin - its administration is fraught with allergies (including rash and swelling), chest pain, fever, hallucinations, mood changes (occurrence of suicidal thoughts), vaginal bleeding.

Disease Complications

Chlamydia (without appropriate treatment) can cause irreparable harm to the reproductive system: not allow the child to be born, provoke the development of a life-threatening condition - an ectopic pregnancy.

In addition, the infection can pass from mother to baby, cause premature birth, pneumonia or severe eye diseases in the baby.

Without treatment, chlamydia can lead to the development of such diseases:

  • cervicitis - manifested by vaginal discharge and abdominal pain, bleeding,
  • urethritis - provokes pain during sex, excretion in women from the vagina, with urethritis in men, blood appears in semen or urine,
  • proctitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the anus or rectum,
  • diseases of the pelvic organs - they are infected with organs that have a decisive influence on the functioning of the reproductive system (cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes),
  • tubal infertility - due to obstruction of the fallopian tubes, the probability of pregnancy with this diagnosis is minimal even with the help of IVF,
  • ectopic pregnancy - the development of the egg (after fertilization) outside the uterus is fraught with internal bleeding, which is life threatening.

With an active sex life (especially in the absence of a permanent partner), it is important to regularly take a test for chlamydia, and in case of infection, continue therapy until complete recovery.

How to prevent chlamydia

The surest way for a sexually active person to avoid chlamydia infection is to use a condom during intercourse, if you are not sure that the partner is not infected.

You must either avoid oral sex, or use protection during oral sex, until you are sure that the other person does not have chlamydia.

In custody

Chlamydia is recklessly considered by many to be a non-dangerous disease. Although at first it does not cause much concern, but in the absence of therapy it is fraught with serious (sometimes irreversible) health consequences.

The combination of medications prescribed by the doctor with natural methods of treatment will not only mitigate side effects, eliminate the source of infection, but also strengthen the immune system, preventing the recurrence of the disease.

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